Home » 1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission Removal and Installation
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission Removal and Installation
SECTION 5-F – 1959 BUICK TRIPLE TURBINE TRANSMISSION REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
5-36 REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION OF TRIPLE TURBINE TRANSMISSION
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission Removal
Hoist front and rear of car and rest it solidly on stands placed under frame. Frame side rail should be at least 20″ above floor.
Disconnect track bar and shock absorbers at axle housing.
Disconnect parking brake cable at equalizer and brake pipe at torque tube bracket.
Remove exhaust pipe(s).
Disconnect torque tube from torque ball and move rear axle back to disengage propeller shaft from universal joint.
Remove converter housing cover.
Turn flywheel until one converter drain plug can be loosened sufficiently to provide an air vent, then turn flywheel until opposite drain plug is straight down. Remove this plug and allow oil to drain from converter.
Remove filler pipe from oil pan to drain oil from transmission.
Remove bolts to disconnect converter from flywheel.
Disconnect speedometer cable, disconnect shift rod from shift lever, and disconnect stator operating control rod.
Carefully mark transmission support and frame at each end of support so support may be reinstalled in same fore and aft position. This step is necessary to insure against any shear strain being imposed on the engine mountings when support is reinstalled.
Place transmission jack or hoist in position and adjust it to securely support the transmission in accordance with instructions for the equipment being used.
Remove two nuts and four bolts and nuts holding mount to support.
Raise transmission just enough to take weight off support. Remove eight support to frame member bolts. If shims are present, carefully note number and location so they may be reinstalled in original location.
Place suitable jack under rear end of engine lower crankcase so that engine will be safely supported while transmission is removed. CAUTION: Do not use bar with hooks placed over frame side rails because brake pipes on top of left side rail will be damaged.
Lower transmission slightly and disconnect cooler pipes.
Lower the transmission just enough so that converter housing bolts can be reached. With engine and transmission supported by the separate jacks, disconnect the converter housing from engine crankcase.
Move transmission rearward to disengage hub of converter pump cover from crankshaft, lower transmission and remove it from under car.
Installation of Transmission
Turn flywheel so that one hole for converter attaching bolt is straight up and notched flange is down.
Raise transmission into place with same equipment as used for removal. Align converter attaching bolt holes with holes in flywheel before moving transmission forward against cylinder crankcase.
Adjust lifting equipment so that converter housing meets the engine crankcase squarely and engages the two dowels. Then install all converter housing bolts with lock washers. Tighten all bolts uniformly to 45-55 ft. lbs. torque.
Attach oil cooler pipes.
Reassemble mounts and support to transmission. Reinstall shims between support and frame in their original position. Take care to locate support fore and aft in its original position to avoid putting any shear strain on the engine mounts. Install support to frame bolts. Refer to Par. 2-25 for mount adjustment.
Attach flywheel to converter using 5/16″-24 300M bolts. Bolts of lesser quality must not be used at this location. 300M bolts can be identified by six radial marks on the bolt head.
Remove transmission hoist and engine support or jack.
Check converter drain plugs for tightness, then install converter housing cover.
Attach oil filler pipe to oil pan.
Align blind spline on propeller shaft with blank spline in universal joint, move axle assembly forward to engage splines. Connect torque tube to torque ball with bolts and lock washers.
Reassemble exhaust system making sure that pipes are centered in the frame member holes and that the system is free from binds.
Reconnect track bar and shock absorbers to axle brackets.
Reconnect parking brake cable at equalizer and brake pipe at torque tube bracket. Bleed rear brakes.
Connect speedometer cable to driven gear sleeve and connect shift rod to shift lever on transmission. Connect stator operating control rod to lever.
Wipe all oil from outside of transmission then lower car to floor.
Tighten torque ball bolts (see par. 4-12) .
Fill transmission to proper level as described in paragraph 1-4.
Check adjustment of control linkage. Check adjustment of stator operating controls and throttle linkage (par. 3-9).
Road test car for approximately 20 miles with frequent stops and starts as might be encountered in heavy traffic. A thorough road warm-up is desired.
Place car on hoist and carefully examine the transmission and all connections for oil leaks. Recheck oil level.
Assemble Triple Turbine transmission to fixture J-7009 taking care to tighten the two bolts on one side of the fixture only. Install the two bolts on the opposite side finger tight. Remove the twelve converter bolts using a “U” holder and 1/2″ socket.
NOTE: Converter pump cover bolt s are 300M steel identified by six radial marks on the bolt head.
1959 Buick Assemble Triple Turbine Transmission
Pry to loosen, remove cover and “O” ring. Discard “O” ring.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Remove Cover and O-Ring
Examine converter pump cover bushing. If worn or scored, collapse bushing with chisel and remove.
Set assembly shafts down through hole in bench. Remove first turbine to disc and hub retainer ring. Use a thin bladed screwdriver at inner edge of ring to raise edge of ring. Press on outer edge of ring to slide ring up slope of thin screwdriver over step of first turbine disc and hub.
If anti-leakdown valve seat is rough or scored, use fine lapping compound and a flat washer to smooth up the valve seat. Press down lightly on washer and use a circular motion until a good finish is obtained.
Assemble converter anti-leakdown valve and spring into forward face of first turbine disc and hub; set assembly on bench so weight of disc and hub holds spring and valve in position.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Anti-Leakdown Valve and Spring
Pour kerosene in any of the four holes until the level is nearly to the top. The valve should hold the kerosene for several minutes. If the kerosene leaks down, the valve may have a nick or scratch or the valve seat may require more lapping.
Lubricate second turbine shaft front and rear bushings and insert 2nd turbine with oil rings in place through hole in bench to rest on 1st turbine.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Lubricare Second Turbine
Inspect and if necessary to replace, install new flanged needle bearing race, flange “up”, needle thrust bearing (1%” x 21/2″), and plain needle bearing race (.050″) on 3rd turbine hub. Hold in place with heavy lube. Lubricate front and rear 3rd turbine shaft bushings.
NOTE: Always measure needle bearings and races. Some are within .010″ thickness and 1/16″ diameter of each other and can easily be incorrectly assembled.
Install 1st turbine disc and hub retaining ring so high edge will engage the groove in the 1st turbine and the inner lower edge forces down on the 1st turbine disc and hub. Tap solidly into groove and inspect for proper installation.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install First Turbine Disc
With assembly on bench, shafts up, inspect and, if necessary to replace, install new flanged needle bearing race, flange “up” on 2nd turbine hub, next, needle thrust bearing (1 3/4″ x 2 1/2″) and last, .050″ bearing race. Set completed sub-assembly aside if further work is to be done on the transmission. Refer to paragraph 5-56 for installation of turbine assembly.
Removal, Disassembly and Inspection of Infinitely Variable Pitch Stator
Lift converter pump until stator race is clear of splines on reaction shaft (approximately 2 1/2″). Lower converter pump and remove the stator. To avoid pinching fingers, use caution when lowering pump.
Remove needle thrust bearing and bearing race (Stator cam to converter pump hub).
Remove five clutch head front to rear carrier screws using Tool 10-167-3.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Clutch Head Screws and Lock Washers
Invert assembly, expand and remove stator piston retaining ring from rear carrier to stator piston.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Stator Piston Retaining Ring
Invert assembly and rotate all stator blades to extreme high angle position and remove stator rear carrier assembly from front carrier. Remove blades and stator blade ring from stator front carrier and piston assembly.
Expand and remove ring from stator piston with snap ring pliers.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Stator Piston Ring
If the stator piston control valve is sticking, or there is reason to believe the spring is weak, remove the valve by suitably supporting stator rear carrier and remove stator piston control valve, spring and retainer from stator rear carrier by rapping sharply on valve with a plastic mallet.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Stator Piston Control Valve
For gaging purposes only : assemble stator piston shoulder “up” to rear carrier and press together. Insert valve in bore of rear carrier.
If gage is below surface of stator rear carrier, add shims to bring gage as close to flush with surface as possible. Shims are available in two sizes only, .007″ and .021″. Total thickness of shims used should not exceed .042″. If thickness of shims required exceeds .042″ stator rear carrier, stator piston or stator valve may require replacement.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Stator Control Valve Shim
Reassembly of Infinitely Variable Pitch Stator
After stator valve has been checked and shims added if necessary, assemble valve, new service spring, and retainer to stator rear carrier.
NOTE: Be certain shims lay fiat in position inside valve bore.
Service springs only must be used after shims have been selected with Gauge J-7116. Service springs are held to much closer tolerances than production springs and are calibrated especially for use with Gauge J-7116. Under no circumstances should the original thickness of shims be altered unless Gauge J-7116 is used to determine the shim thickness and the shims so selected are installed with a service spring.
Examine blades and cranks. The blades must not be bent or nicked, and the cranks must be smooth and free of burrs. Set stator front carrier assembly and piston on stator free wheel cam and pilot washer assembly to hold piston “in”. Support edge of stator blade ring and insert blades into carrier and piston assembly. Be sure edge of ring nearest holes is “down” as pictured.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Blades and Cranks
Install last blade by crowding several adjacent blade cranks together.
Inspect pilot washer and if necessary to replace, suitably support stator free wheel cam and remove pilot washer using a plastic hammer and drift.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Pilot Washer
Install pilot washer in stator free wheel cam using a plastic hammer. Make sure pilot washer is seated in bore of cam.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Pilot Washer
Assemble stator free wheel cam and pilot washer assembly to stator rear carrier with three clutch head screws and lock washers using Tool 10-167-1. Note position of dowels and dowel holes. Torque screws to 10-12 ft. lbs.
Install free wheel clutch rollers and springs-roller toward narrow end of cam opening, and spring at wide end of opening. Inner race should rotate freely in clockwise direction and lock on counter-clockwise rotation.
Examine needle thrust bearing race staked to converter hub. (Stator cam to converter pump hub needle thrust bearing race.) If worn or scored, carefully chip out staking with cape chisel and remove worn race.
With transmission front end up, install two J-7004 slide hammers in tapped holes of pump body and hammer evenly to remove pump, stator reaction shaft and flange, and reverse clutch piston assembly. Set assembly on bench and remove slide hammers.
Refer to paragraph 5-48 for installation of pump-reaction shaft and flange assembly.
Remove and discard reverse piston seal. Examine bore of piston for nicks, scratches, or burrs.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Reverse Piston Outer Seal
On jobs equipped with cast iron inner oil rings: Inspect and if necessary to replace, unhook reverse piston oil ring, using Tool J-7100. Assemble tool on ring so ring is forced solidly in groove and movable arm contacts ring approximately l j” from end. Press in on movable arm and pry up free end of ring with small screwdriver. Release arm. Expand and remove ring. On jobs equipped with rubber inner oil seal: Pull off and discard rubber inner oil seal.
Expand and install new reverse piston oil sealing ring on reaction shaft. Hook ends using Tool J-7100. Assemble tool on ring so ring is forced solidly in groove and movable arm contacts ring approximately 1/4″ from end. Press in on arm to hook ends.
Remove and discard pump body to case sealing ring (square section).
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Pump Body
Inspect flanged needle thrust bearing race (between stator reaction shaft and front planet ring gear assembly). If race requires replacement, break it with a chisel and remove.
NOTE: This bearing race is specially hardened and is very brittle. It is not likely it will need replacement; however, if it is to be ‘replaced, be careful to use eye protection as the race may shatter when struck with chisel.
Check pump gear end clearance using Dial Indicator Support J-1013, J-8001-2 Sleeve, and J-8001-3 Dial Indicator. Zero indicator on pump body, then slide plunger to rest on gears, one at a time. Reading should be between .001″ and .0025″ below pump body. Replace pump if necessary.
Hold drive gear away from crescent and check gap between gear and crescent with a .009″ feeler gauge and then a .017″ feeler gauge. The .009″gauge should “go” and the .017″ should “not go”. If the .009″ does “not go the clearance is less than .010″ required. If the .017” “goes” the clearance is more than the .016″ maximum allowed. Replace pump if necessary.
Hold pump driven gear away from crescent and check gap between gear and crescent with a .005″ feeler gauge and then a .010″ feeler gauge. The .004″ gauge should “go” and the .010″ should “not go”. If the .004″ does “not go”, the clearance is less than .005″ required. If the .010″ “goes”, the clearance is more than the .009″ maximum allowed. Replace pump if necessary.
NOTE: All surfaces of these gears are accurately ground and must be protected against nicks, scratches and dirt of any kind. Examine pump bushing. If bushing is badly scored or worn, pump assembly must be replaced.
Lubricate and carefully assemble pump assembly to reaction shaft flange assembly. Note position of dowel pins in pump body and holes in reaction shaft flange. The surfaces of these two parts must be clean before assembly.
Install seven 5/16″-18 x 1 7/8″ reaction shaft flange to pump body bolts (1/2″ socket). Tighten alternately and evenly to 20-25 ft. lbs. using a torque wrench.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Shaft Flange to Pump Body Bolts
If seal was removed, suitably support assembly to protect needle bearing race and drive new pump seal into pump body using hammer and Seal Installer J-7006.
NOTE: Reaction shaft pilots tool to insure square seating of seal.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Pump Oil Seal
Install new reverse piston outer seal with lip away from ribbed side of piston.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Reverse Piston Seal
Lubricate reverse piston seals and install piston assembly in bore of reaction flange by running a smooth edged feeler gauge around reverse piston to keep lip of outer seal down. Use care to prevent damage to seals.
Remove stator modulator valve, valve spring, and valve pin by rapping valve body against hand.
1959 Buick View of Valve Body Disassembled
Remove two valve body cover plate screws with cross recess head screwdriver. Remove plate and gasket.
Examine gasket for evidence of leakage or improper installation.
Remove pressure regulator guide retaining pin by rapping valve body against hand.
Remove pressure regulator valve pin guide by rapping valve body against hand.
Slide out pressure regulator valve.
While holding in on retainer, remove reverse boost valve retainer pin with needle nose pliers.
NOTE: Retainer and valve may pop out w he n pin is removed. Be ready to catch valve and retainer to prevent damage.
Remove reverse boost valve retainer.
Remove reverse boost valve, boost valve lockout spacer, limit valve spring, and limit valve by rapping valve body against hand.
Thoroughly clean valve body and valves in solvent, and inspect for evidence of wear or damage due to dirt or improper assembly. Be sure small holes in limit, stator modulator, and pressure regulator valves are not plugged with foreign material.
Dry valve body with clean air blast to be absolutely certain no foreign material is left in valve body cavities.
Assembly of Valve Body
Use the exploded view of the valve body as a guide during assembly (Figure 5-333).
Install limit valve, grooved land first. Shake valve body to allow limit valve to reach proper position.
NOTE: Limit valve and stator modulator valve are identical and interchangeable.
Install limit valve spring (longer than stator modulator valve spring) and reverse boost valve lockout spacer.
Install reverse boost valve, narrow land first.
Insert reverse boost valve retainer. Depress retainer against spring pressure and install retainer pin flush with surface of valve body.
Insert pressure regulator valve, small end first.
Insert pressure regulator valve pin guide so end is just flush with edge of valve body.
Install pressure regulator valve pin guide retainer pin into valve body and groove of pin guide.
Insert stator modulator valve into valve body, grooved land first. Shake valve body to allow modulator valve to reach proper position.
Before tightening retainer bolts, check clearance between spring seat and retainer with a .010″ feeler gauge. Spring seat must rotate and move without touching retainer. Install stator control valve stop on stator control valve.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Spring Seat
Be certain that surface of valve body is clear of dirt and has no burrs. Install new valve body plate to valve body gasket. Check and be certain that the pressure regulator valve pin guide retaining pin is in place. Install valve body plate with two cross recess screws. Be certain that valve body plate gasket lines up with holes in valve body.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Valve Body Plate
If further work is to be done on transmission, set sub-assembly aside.
Refer to paragraph 5-52 for installation of valve body.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Sub-Assembly Side
5-42 TORQUE BALL, TORQUE BALL RETAINERS AND UNIVERSAL JOINT REMOVAL AND INSPECTION
Remove sealing ring from outside of inner torque ball retainer.
Examine sealing ring for cracks or defects that might cause leaks; discard if defective. Examine surface of inner torque ball retainer for score marks or roughness that could damage torque ball; discard if defective.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Sealing Ring
Engage parking lock pawl. Using a 3/4” thin wall socket, remove special drilled U-joint bolt, lock washer and plain washer. Remove U-joint and speedo gear assembly. Check U-joint for radial looseness (worn bearings). Discard U-joint if not serviceable. Refer to paragraph 5-51 for torque ball and U-joint installation.
5-43 MANUAL CONTROL AND PARKING LOCK: REMOVAL, DISASSEMBLY, INSPECTION AND REASSEMBLY
Removal of Manual Control Shaft Lever Seal and Bearing
Remove transmission selector lever shaft nut (5/8″ wrench). Hold lever with hand while loosening nut to avoid damaging strain on internal parts.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Selector Lever Shaft Nut
Remove selector lever shaft bearing and seal by threading bearing out of case. Ex mine bearing for evidence of wear. If bearing hole is out of round, replace the bearing and tighten to 40 ft. lbs. torque.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Selector Lever Shaft Bearing
Check shaft seal for cracks or wear that might cause leaks; if seal is not serviceable, replace it. Install seal lip down in groove of shaft bearing by pressing in with screwdriver.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Check Shaft Seal
Removal of Manual Control and Parking Lock
Remove parking lock pawl return spring using needle nose pliers.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Parking Lock Pawl
Remove four parking lock and detent assembly bolts (1/2″socket).
Rotate lever to release spring tension and pull pin from shaft. Remove spring and parking lock apply lever. Check parking lock apply lever for evidence of excessive wear. Check parking lock release lever for excessive wear in slot that would make linkage adjustment inaccurate.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Spring Pin
Assemble spring on shaft with levers as shown in Figure. Reinstall roll pin holding with pliers to start. Use soft jaws on vise to prevent damage to shaft.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Parking Lock Release Lever
Clamp lower flats of parking lock lever shaft in vise, raise and rotate lever against spring tension and install parking lock lever adjusting screw, lock washer and nut. Do not tighten.
Assemble parking lock and shaft lever assembly to parking lock slide body. Assemble manual valve operating lever, then detent plate on shaft. (Bolt hole slot in detent plate must be closest to left side of detent plate). Install, bolt flat washer and lock washer, (detent plate to manual control valve operating lever) (7/16″ wrench.)
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Manual Control Valve Operating Lever
Install lower nut and lock washer on manual control shaft (1/2′ wrench).
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Remove Manual Control Shaft
Install slide and roller track in groove of slide body. Track must be in groove or proper installation of slide and roller is not possible.
Install slide and roller and cover into slide body, rotate shaft and move slide and roller so slot in lever engages pin of slide and roller. If further work is to be done on transmission, set completed sub-assembly aside.
Refer to paragraph 5-50 for installation of manual control and parking lock assembly.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Slide and Roller
5-44 PARKING LOCK PAWL SHAFT AND PAWL REMOVAL
If the parking lock pawl or the pawl shaft require replacement, follow the instructions below. Otherwise, swing the pawl up out of the way.
Remove spring pin from parking lock pawl shaft. Slide shaft rearward. Remove pawl.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Parking Lock Pawl Removal
5-45 REAR BEARING RETAINER AND OIL TRANSFER FLANGE: REMOVAL, DISASSEMBLY, INSPECTION AND REASSEMBLY
Removal of Rear Bearing Retainer Assembly
Remove six rear bearing retainer to case bolts (9/16″ socket).
IMPORTANT: A spacer and shim forward of the rear bearing ride on a shoulder of the output shaft. This spacer and shim will fall off the output shaft and lodge in the rear bearing retainer between the rear bearing and oil transfer flange if loading Tool J-7012 is not used.
Insert loading Tool J-7012 in end of output shaft to prevent spacer and shim from falling. Hold loading tool forward while sliding rear bearing retainer and oil transfer flange assembly away from case. Shim and spacer will be transferred from output shaft to loading tool. Leave loading tool in rear bearing retainer assembly. Remove gasket. Examine gasket and gasket sealing area for evidence of leaking or damage.
If rear bearing is not to be inspected or replaced, leave loading tool in place and set assembly aside. Otherwise, proceed with rear bearing retainer-oil transfer flange disassembly.
Rear Bearing Retainer-Oil Transfer Flange Disassembly, Inspection and Reassembly
Remove six oil transfer flange to rear bearing retainer bolts (1/2″ wrench).
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Oil Transfer Flange
Remove loading Tool J-7012 from rear bearing retainer assembly. Separate oil transfer flange from rear bearing retainer by supporting assembly by flange and tapping rear bearing retainer with plastic mallet. Remove transfer flange and gasket.
Examine gasket for evidence of leaking and examine transfer flange bore for evidence of scuffing or galling by oui1put shaft oil rings.
Support rear bearing retainer web with chamfered edge of Tool J-7077 and drive out bearing with hammer and drift. Drive from front to rear. The rear bearing races are damaged during removal and the bearing must not be reused.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Support Rear Bearing Retainer Web
Support rear bearing retainer web on chamfered edge of Tool J-7077 and install new bearing using J-7013-1 Handle and J-7013-24 Installer.
Install rear bearing lock behind rear bearing by prying in on one end of ring with screwdriver in drain slot and forcing ring down into groove with another screwdriver. Use care to avoid dropping aluminum chips in rear bearings. Do not install oil transfer flange until output shaft end play has been checked and brought within limits.
Refer to paragraph 5-49 for output shaft end play adjustment.
Refer to paragraph 5-49 for installation of rear bearing retainer assembly.
To facilitate removal, carefully pry front sun gear and hub from front planet ring gear and carrier assembly.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Front Sun Gear and Hub
Install slide hammer J-2619-A and Adapter J-8117 in rear end of output shaft and hammer sharply to start grade retard clutch, output shaft support, forward clutch, free wheel clutches, rear planet set and front sun gear out of transmission case.
NOTE: The hammering may dislodge the reverse clutch plates, spring and pressure plate. If so, remove and set them aside.
Removal of First Turbine Shaft and Front Planet Set-Neutral Clutch Assembly
Remove first turbine shaft and front planet set-neutral clutch assembly. Remove needle thrust bearing and cupped race (front planet ring gear carrier to reaction flange hub). This bearing and race may have been removed with front pump assembly.
NOTE: First turbine shaft may have been removed with output shaft.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – First Turbine Shaft
Removal of Reverse Clutch Plates, Pressure Plates and Spring
Remove reverse clutch spring, pressure plate, and clutch plates. Refer to Paragraph 5-48 for reverse clutch plate inspection and installation.
NOTE: If case is to be replaced, transfer stator control lever, shaft, and bearing and begin reassembly. Refer to Paragraph 5-47.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Reverse Clutch Spring
First Turbine Shaft Disassembly, Inspection and Reassembly
Slide first turbine shaft rearward out of neutral clutch and front planet set assembly if it was not removed with output shaft assembly.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Slide First Turbine Shaft
Carefully examine the shaft and oil rings for evidence of galling, excessive wear or broken oil rings. If the oil rings are worn or galled even slightly, replace them after being certain that locator rings are installed correctly in the two center oil ring grooves.
Be certain locator rings are installed in the two center oil ring grooves of the first turbine shaft before installing oil rings. After the four oil . rings are installed and lubricated, set first turbine shaft assembly aside. Refer to Paragraph 5-47 for first turbine shaft installation.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Locator Ring
Disassembly, Inspection and Reassembly of Front Planet Set Neutral Clutch Assembly
Remove front planet set ring gear retaining ring using a screwdriver to pry out of groove in front ring gear carrier.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Front Planet Set Ring Gear
Remove ring gear from ring gear carrier.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Front Planet Set Ring Gear Carrier
Invert assembly and remove ring gear carrier from neutral clutch and front planet set assembly.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Ring Gear Carrier
Check clearance in neutral clutch pack. Use a dial indicator with support J-1013 resting on hub. Set plunger of dial indicator on backing plate. Force plate pack down with fingers and note reading. Force plate pack up with screwdriver between neutral clutch spring snap ring and pressure plate and note clearance. Should be between .010″ and .060″. Clearance in excess of .060″ usually indicates worn clutch plates.
Remove retaining ring (neutral clutch spring to front planet set carrier) using a screwdriver to pry ring out of groove in front planet set carrier..
NOTE : Neutral clutch spring retaining ring is smaller in cross section than the backing plate retaining ring.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Retaining Ring
Remove neutral clutch spring from front planet carrier. Examine spring for heat damage, cracks, or excessive wear.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Neutral Clutch Spring
Remove neutral clutch piston and seal assembly.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Neutral Clutch Piston and Seal Assembly
Remove neutral clutch piston outer rubber sealing ring. Examine seal for tears, nicks or wear that could cause leaks. Examine bore of piston for galling or roughness that could cause leaks.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Piston Oil Sealing Ring
If the planet carrier is equipped with cast iron neutral clutch piston inner oil ring; examine ring for cracks, evidence of galling, or excessive wear. If ring is to be replaced, unhook, expand, and remove the ring.
Remove needle thrust bearing and thrust bearing race from rear of front planet set carrier. It may be necessary to pry them loose from the suction created by oil. Use two very thin, sharp awls inserted between planet pinion gears and under-edge of race. Examine bearing and race for galling or excessive wear. Check planet pinion gears for wear and looseness on shafts. If gears are not serviceable, carrier assembly must be replaced.
If planet carrier is cast iron oil ring equipped, and replacement is being made; expand and install new neutral clutch piston inner oil sealing ring on hub of front planet carrier. Hold one end of ring and work other end of ring around to hook.
Install neutral clutch spring on top of piston outer “high” edge up.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Neutral Clutch Spring
Install neutral clutch spring retaining ring by starting one end into groove and using plastic hammer and drift to force remainder of ring into groove.
NOTE : The neutral clutch spring retaining ring is smaller in cross section than the backing plate retaining ring although both have the same O.D.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Neutral Clutch Spring Retaining Ring
Install clutch plate pack with rounded face of pressure plate toward spring, then lubricate and install friction plate, separator plate, etc., and chamfered face of clutch backing plate “up” and on top.
NOTE: All clutch plates in neutral clutch pack are fiat, three friction plates and two separator plates.
NOTE: It is important that all plates be lubricated with automatic transmission oil during assembly.
After sticking bronze thrust washer to hub and needle bearing assembly with heavy lube, line up grooves of friction plates and install hub in bore of front planet set carrier (needle bearing up). When neutral clutch hub is correctly installed, it will be below chamfered edge of neutral clutch backing plate.
Install neutral clutch retaining ring in groove of front planet set carrier above backing plate. Tap solidly into groove with drift.
NOTE: The neutral clutch backing plate retaining ring is heavier in cross section than the clutch spring retaining ring although both have the same O.D. Care should be taken to be sure the heavier of the two rings is installed above the backing plate as shown.
Check clearance in neutral clutch pack. Use a dial indicator with support J-1013 resting on hub. Set plunger of dial indicator on backing plate. Force plate pack down solidly with fingers and note reading. Force plate pack up with screwdriver between neutral clutch spring snap ring and pressure plate. Note reading. Difference between two readings (clearance) should be between .010″ and .060″.
Install front ring gear carrier over neutral clutch and carrier assembly. Grasp carefully under the carrier and invert.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Front Ring Gear Carrier
Mesh ring gear with planet gears and install in carrier with tangs up.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Front Planet Set Ring Gear
Install ring gear retaining ring and tap into groove of ring gear carrier.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Ring Gear Retaining Ring
Apply heavy lube to needle bearing race and needle bearing (1 3/4″ x 2 1/2″) (Between front sun gear and front planet carrier). Insert race first, then bearing into the bore of front planet set. Press down to seat.
NOTE: No race on top of needle bearing. Front of front sun gear acts as race. This bearing and race are smaller in J.D. and O.D. than the bearings used in the turbine build-up. Care should be used to avoid interchanging these bearings and races.
Invert assembly. Examine cupped needle bearing race; or worn or scored, replace it. Install upper needle bearing race on front planet ring gear carrier, or set it aside for installation with reaction shaft and flange assembly. (Paragraph 5-48)
NOTE: This race may have remained on rear of stator reaction shaft when transmission was disassembled.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Neutral Clutch Front Planet Set Assembly
Front planet set-neutral clutch assembly. Refer to Paragraph 5-47 for front planet set-neutral clutch installation.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Front Planet Set
Disassembly, Inspection and Reassembly of Output Shaft Support Assembly
Slide grade retard clutch backing plate and clutch pack off clutch hub and output shaft. Set clutch pack and backing plate aside. Refer to Par. 5-48 for inspection and installation of grade retard clutch pack.
Remove and set aside parking lock ratchet wheel and grade retard clutch hub. Needle thrust bearing and two thrust bearing races will come off output shaft with grade retard hub. Refer to Par. 5-47 for inspection and reinstallation of clutch hub, ratchet wheel and needle thrust bearings.
From side of output support having eight lugs, remove forward clutch piston spring retainer ring using snap ring pliers and J-2590-12 and 14.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Forward Clutch Spring
Remove tool, retainer ring, spring seat, spring and forward clutch piston from output shaft support.
NOTE: W id e chamber on J.D. of piston.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Piston Return Spring
Remove rubber outer seal from forward clutch piston. Examine rubber outer seal for nicks, tears or excessive wear. Check bore of piston for galling or excessive wear. Replace parts if necessary.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Sealing Ring on Forward Clutch Piston
If output shaft support is cast iron oil ring equipped, check ring for wear or cracks. If ri.ng requires replacement; assemble Tool J-7086 so forward clutch inner oil ring is forced solidly into groove. Press down the movable arm of Tool J-7086 and pry free end of the hooked oil ring out with screwdriver. Release movable arm of tool, expand and remove hooked oil ring from output shaft support.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Remove Output Shaft Support
If cast iron oil ring was removed; expand and install new forward clutch piston inner oil ring in groove of output shaft support. Assemble Tool J-7086 to compress ring in groove. Press on movable arm of Tool J-7086, free end of ring will snap into hooked position.
If output shaft support is cast iron oil ring equipped, check ring for wear or cracks. If ring requires replacement, remove and replace using Tool J-7086 and method used on forward clutch ring.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Remove Output Shaft Support
If output shaft support is equipped with rubber inner piston seals, check grade retard clutch inner seal for evidence of wear, cracks or tears. If seal is not serviceable remove and replace it.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Check Output Shaft Support
Using hook made of stiff wire pull out lube pressure regulator spring retainer, spring and ball. Examine output shaft support bushing and steel sleeve. If bushing or sleeve is worn, loose or scored the output shaft support must be replaced as neither the bushing nor sleeve is replaceable.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Pressure Regulator Spring Retainer
Examine ball. If worn or scored, install new ball in lube pressure hole of output shaft support, then spring, then retainer, small hole down.
Separate front planet set sun gear and hub from tangs of front inner and rear outer free wheel race by prying with a screwdriver. Remove sun gear and hub. Examine sun gear. If gear teeth are worn excessively, nicked or broken, replace the gear and hub assembly.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Front Planet Set Sun Gear
Examine front sun gear bushing. If worn or scored, drive bushing out using J-7013-1 Handle and J-7273-10 Remover.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Front Planet Set and Sun Gear Hub Bushing Assembly
Install new front sun gear bushing using J-7013-1 Handle and J-7273-6-10 Installer. (Counterbore on 6 toward 10.) Refer to Par. 5-47 for installation of front sun gear.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Front Planet Set Sun Gear
Disassembly, Inspection and Reassembly of Rear Planet Set
Remove rear planet set carrier needle thrust bearing and two thrust bearing races from hub of carrier. Examine bearing and races for excessive wear or galling; replace if necessary. Grasp carrier and slide carrier and planet assembly out of rear planet set ring gear. It may be necessary to pry to start out.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Rear Planet Set Ring Gear
Pry rear carrier thrust ring out of groove in carrier. Remove ring.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Rear Carrier Thrust Ring
Remove rear planet set sun gear and tanged bronze thrust washer (between rear sun gear and rear planet carrier) from rear planet set. Examine gears for nicks or excessive wear. If planet pinion gears are damaged or loose on the shaft, the carrier assembly must be replaced.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Rear Planet Set Sun Gear
Check thrust washer for evidence of excessive wear; replace if necessary. Apply heavy lube to new rear planet set sun gear thrust washer. Position in carrier, tangs down in holes. Install sun gear either end up.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Rear Planet Set Sun Gear Thrust Washer
Install rear carrier thrust ring solidly in groove above sun gear. Refer to Par. 5-47 for installation of rear planet set assembly and needle thrust bearing.
Inspection of Output Shaft and Output Shaft Bushing, Oil Ring Removal and Replacement
Remove needle thrust bearing (between rear sun gear and output shaft) from front of output shaft. Examine bearing and front of output shaft for excessive wear or galling. Replace bearing if worn; replace output shaft if galled or rough.
NOTE: No separate needle bearing races used at this point.
Examine output shaft bushing. If worn or scored, pull bushing using J-7273-15 with output shaft in vise equipped with soft jaws. Slip puller into position in output shaft. Expand puller by holding shaft with 1/2″ wrench and turning 5/8″ nut. Hold puller shaft with 1/2″ wrench and turn, 1 1/4″ nut” to pull bushing.
Examine needle thrust bearing and bearing surface of output shaft. If ‘ bearing is excessively worn, replace it. If output shaft bearing surface is galled or rough the shaft must be replaced. Apply heavy lube to output shaft to grade retard reaction shaft needle thrust bearing (1 3/4″ I.D. x 2 1/2″ O.D.) and place in position on output shaft. Refer to Par. 5-47 for output shaft installation.
Remove rear free wheel clutch inner race thrust washer and spacer (between rear free wheel race and retaining ring). Rotate race clockwise and slide sprag and race out of rear free wheel outer race. Remove and examine sprag and races. If races are galled radially they should be replaced, but if only slight depressions are evident around the races they are serviceable and should not be replaced. If sprag is worn excessively or galled it should be replaced.
Rotate front inner and rear outer free wheel clutch race clockwise and slide race and sprag out of rear planet ring gear-front free wheel clutch outer race. Remove and examine sprag and races. If races are galled radially they should be replaced, but if only slight depressions are evident around the races they are serviceable and should not be replaced. If sprag is worn excessively or galled, it should be replaced.
Examine front inner and rear outer free wheel clutch race bushing. If worn or scored, drive bushing out using J-7013-1 Handle and J-7273-4 Remover.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Examine Front Inner and Rear Outer Free Wheel Clutch Race Bushing
Install new front inner and rear outer free wheel clutch race bushing, using J-7013-1 and J-7273-4-6. (Counterbore on 6 toward handle.)
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Front Inner and Rear Outer Free Wheel Clutch Race Bushing
Examine rear planet set ring gear. If gear is excessively worn or scored the gear and shaft assembly must be replaced. Examine and if necessary to replace, unhook, expand and remove three oil rings from grade retard reaction shaft. Expand and install three new oil rings in grooves of grade retard reaction shaft, hook ends.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Examine Rear Planet Set Ring Gear
Examine front grade retard reaction shaft bushing. If worn or scored, assemble J-7003-1 Guide Pin to J-7273-9 Remover. Tilt remover to assemble behind front bushing.
Front free wheel clutch sprags have an inner cage 1/32″ longer than the outer cage and no bronze drag strips. If a rear sprag is inadvertently installed in the front free wheel clutch, severe damage to the outer race will result.
Lubricate and insert front free wheel clutch inner race into sprag while rotating clockwise. The inner race must rotate freely on clockwise rotation and lock on counterclockwise rotation. When correctly installed, the front inner free wheel race will be approximately 1/16 ” from front outer race.
Lubricate and insert rear free wheel clutch inner race-forward clutch hub into sprag while rotating clockwise. The inner race must rotate freely on clockwise rotation and lock on counterclockwise rotation.
When correctly installed, the rear free wheel inner race . should contact front inner rear outer race. If approximately 1/8″ clearance exists’ rear inner race may be hanging up on bronze strip at bottom of sprag assembly.
Install front planet set sun gear and hub over front of rear planet set and free wheel clutch assembly. Do not lift assembly by end of output shaft as thrust washer, etc., may fall out of position. It is best to make this installation with the assembly horizontal and it may be necessary to tap the front sun gear and hub into position.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Install Front Planet Set Sun Gear
Carefully set assembly upright so as not to dislodge needle thrust bearing at forward end of output shaft. Measure gap between slot in sun gear hub and tang of free wheel race with feeler gauge.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Check Gap
Add .035″ feeler to measurement taken in step 4 and insert feelers in slot of sun gear hub under tang. Securely stake sun gear hub on both sides of slot over tang. Repeat operation on opposite side of the sun gear hub so two tangs opposite each other are retained.
Inspection and Assembly of Forward Clutch Backing Plate and Clutch Pack
Examine the forward clutch plates. If they are worn, scored or burned, replace them. Forward clutch friction plates when new are 098″ to .102″ thick. Plates worn thinner than .088″ thick should be replaced.
Install forward clutch backing plate over rear free wheel clutch inner race. Lubricate with automatic transmission oil and install a friction plate next to the backing plate. Engage the tangs of a separator plate in the narrow slots of the backing plate and continue the build-up by alternately assembling a friction plate and a separator plate with all five separator plate notched tangs in the same backing plate narrow slot and all notches in line.
Lube oil rings on first turbine shaft, rotate shaft to line up splines and insert in output shaft assembly until last oil ring is inside front planet set sun gear.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Assembly of First Turbine Shaft
First turbine shaft correctly installed in front end of output shaft assembly.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – First Turbine Shaft Installation
Assembly of Front Planet Set Neutral Clutch Assembly
Assemble front planet set-neutral clutch assembly to front sun gear. Make sure front sun gear fully meshes with front planet set.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Assembly of Front Planet Set
Installation of Output Shaft-First Turbine Shaft Assembly and Grade Retard Clutch Pack and Backing Plate
Liberally lubricate inside of case in output shaft support area after making certain there is no dirt or burrs present. Lift assembly carefully. Do not lift by or put any weight on first turbine shaft. Start assembly into rear end of case.
Push into case till assembly is in position pictured. Check forward clutch backing plate to be certain it is in contact with output shaft support. Be certain clutch plates are properly positioned in slots in backing plate and oil sleeve holes are “up.”
NOTE: Before proceeding with installation, read the following FIVE steps:
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Outer Shaft Support
Examine the grade retard clutch plates. If they are scored, burned or worn excessively, replace them. Grade retard clutch friction plates are .075″ to .080″ thick when new. Plates worn to .065″ must be replaced.
Lubricate and install grade retard clutch separator plate next to piston with center tang of three tangs between lugs of support, then friction plate, separator plate and so on, until three separator plates and three friction plates are installed.
Install grade retard clutch backing plate with tangs of separator plates in narrow slots and tangs of output shaft support in wide slots. Hold backing plate firmly in contact with output shaft support and slide assembly into position.
CAUTION: Maintain hand pressure forward on grade retard clutch backing plate at all times until assembly is correctly positioned in case and backing plate retainer ring is installed. If backing plate is allowed to separate from support, clutch pack will fall out of position and complete assembly must be removed from case and reassembled according to instructions. Do not push assembly into case farther than is necessary to install grade retard clutch backing plate retaining ring.
Use smooth punch inserted in anchor bolt hole to accurately line up oil sleeve adapter holes in support with holes in case. Do not use oil adapter sleeve holes for this purpose.
Lube and install three adaptor sleeves with new O-rings into valve body portion of transmission case using Tool J-6586. Push down firmly to seat adapter sleeves in output shaft support. Install retainer rings above the O-ring sleeve assemblies using a screwdriver to seat retainer rings against sleeve assemblies.
NOTE: Center adapter sleeve does not enter case as far as outer two.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Adapter Sleeve Retainer Ring
Lube and install fourth adapter sleeve with new O-rings at oil cooler return line location using Tool J-6586. Oil adapter sleeve retainer ring is not used at this location.
Installation of Parking Lock Pawl, Pawl Shaft and Retaining Pin
If parking lock pawl and shaft were removed, install parking lock pawl, pawl shaft and retaining pin.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Parking Lock Pawl Removal
5-48 INSTALLATION OF REVERSE CLUTCH PACK AND OIL PUMPREVERSE CLUTCH PISTON REACTION SHAFT AND FLANGE ASSEMBLY
Inspection and Installation of Reverse Clutch Pack
Inspect reverse clutch plates. If they are scored, burned, or excessively worn, replace them. Reverse clutch friction plates when new are .098″ to .102″ thick. Plates worn to .088″ thick must be replaced.
With transmission front end “up” lubricate and install a reverse clutch friction plate into reverse clutch backing plate, then a separator “dished” same as first, then last friction plate. Install reverse clutch pressure plate, rounded edge up and reverse clutch spring, center high edge up.
NOTE: Both reverse clutch separator plates must be “dished” same way.
Installation of Oil Pump-Reverse Clutch Piston-Reaction Shaft and Flange Assembly
Apply heavy lube to needle thrust bearing and flanged race and stick them to rear of reaction flange hub.
NOTE : The flanged needle thrust bearing race may be assembled on top of front planet ring gear carrier, whichever may be most convenient.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Installation of Oil Pump
Install new reaction flange to case gasket in transmission case. Be absolutely certain that gasket holes line up , properly. Install two 3/8″-16 Guide Pins J-7003 in transmission case, liberally lube rubber seal on pump assembly with heavy lube, and slip pump and reverse clutch piston assembly into case so that the three closely spaced holes are at bottom of case. Tap the assembly evenly and solidly in position in case with brass drift and plastic hammer.
CAUTION: Never attempt to d raw the pump assembly into position with pump bolts as transmission case threads will almost certainly be stripped.
5-49 OUTPUT SHAFT END PLAY MEASUREMENT AND ADJUSTMENT. INSTALLATION OF REAR BEARING RETAINER-OIL TRANSFER FLANGE ASSEMBLY
Output Shaft End Play Measurement and Adjustment
If oil transfer flange and loading tool were removed from rear bearing retainer, install .120″ spacer on output shaft with shims removed from output shaft when transmission was disassembled. Install two guide pins 3/8″-16, J-7003, gasket and rear bearing retainer without oil transfer flange.
If transfer flange and loading tool were not removed from rear bearing retainer, proceed with step 3 of sub-paragraph b below.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Output Shaft End Play Adjustment
Check output shaft end clearance with rear bearing retainer bolted to case with at least two bolts as shown and transmission upside down. Tap several times on output shaft to squeeze out lube used on thrust bearings during assembly. Use J-8001-3 Dial Indicator, Tool 5804 threaded into output shaft and Tool J-5808 threaded into rear bearing retainer. Use pry bar under edge of J-5804 to move output shaft. End play should be .005″ to .020″. If output shaft end clearance is less than .005″, remove rear bearing retainer and install a thinner shim on output shaft. If output shaft end clearance is more than .020″, remove rear bearing retainer and install a thicker shim.
When output shaft end play has been measured and brought within limits, remove end play gage setup and remove rear bearing retainer from case. Insert loading tool J-7012 in rear of rear bearing retainer through rear bearing. Slip correct shims and spacers from output shaft onto loading tool with shim next to bearing. Install two 5/16 “-18 guide pins J-7001 in rear bearing retainer. Install new oil transfer flange to rear bearing retainer gasket; observe openings in flange and openings in rear bearing retainer and assemble flange to rear bearing retainer with six 5/16”-18 bolts. Torque bolts to 15-20 ft. lbs.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Remove End Play Gage Setup
Completed rear bearing retainer, oil transfer flange assembly with loading tool in place.
Installation of Rear Bearing Retainer Oil Transfer Flange Assembly
With rear bearing retainer to case gasket in place assemble rear bearing retainer-oil transfer flange assembly to case. Hold loading tool forward while sliding bearing. retainer onto output shaft to transfer spacer and shims onto output shaft.
1959 Buick Triple Turbine Transmission – Left Loading Tool J-7012
Remove loading tool and install six rear bearing retainer to case bolts. Torque alternately and evenly to 30-35 ft. lbs.
IF OIL TRANSFER FLANGE WAS NOT REMOVED from rear bearing retainer and loading tool was left in rear bearing retainer, assemble rear bearing retainer to transmission case with new gasket and at least two bolts (9/16″ socket). Hold loading tool forward during assembly of rear bearing retainer. Check output shaft end clearance as outlined above. If output shaft end clearance is within .005″ to .020″ limits, install remaining bolts and torque all six bolts alternately and evenly to 30-35 ft. lbs.
If end clearance is not within limits, rear bearing retainer and transfer flange must be removed and end clearance corrected as outlined in step 2 of subparagraph a, above.
With transmission rear end “op,” use heavy lube and install inner torque ball retainer to rear bearing retainer sealing ring in groove of rear bearing retainer. Install inner torque ball retainer on rear bearing retainer.