1959 Buick Tire Inflation and Inspection

Maintenance of correct inflation pressure in all 1959 Buick tires is one of the most important elements of tire care. Correct tire pressure is also of great importance to ease of handling and riding comfort. Overinflation is detrimental to tire life but not so much as underinflation. Inflate all tires according to tire temperature as specified in paragraph 1-1.

Driving without valve caps contributes to underinflated tires. The valve cap keeps dirt and water out of the valve core and seals the valve against leakage. Whenever tires are inflated be sure to install valve caps and tighten firmly by hand. Make sure that rubber washer in cap is not damaged or missing.

If 1959 Buick tires are checked at frequent intervals and adjusted to correct inflation pressure, it is often possible to detect punctures and make a correction before a tire goes flat, which may severely damage tire if car is in motion. Slight differences in pressure between tires will always be found, but a tire that is found to be 3 or more pounds below the lowest of its running mates can be suspected of having a leaking valve or a puncture.

All 1959 Buick tires should be inspected regularly to avoid abnormal deterioration from preventable causes. If tires show abnormal or uneven wear the cause should be determined and correction should be made.

See that no metal or other foreign material is embedded in the tread. Any such material should be removed to prevent damage to tread and tire carcass. Cuts in a tire which are deep enough to expose the cords will allow dirt and moisture to work into the carcass and ruin the tire unless promptly repaired.

1959 Buick Tubeless Tire Repairs

A leak in a 1959 Buick tubeless tire may be located by inflating the tire to recommended pressure (par. 1-1) and then submerging tire and wheel assembly in water, or by applying water to tire with a hose if wheel is mounted on car. Remove water from area where air bubbles show and mark the area with crayon. After removal of the puncturing object from tire, the puncture must be sealed to prevent entrance of dirt and water which would cause damage to the tire carcass.

A small puncture of less than 3/32″ diameter may be sealed without removal of tire from wheel by injecting sealing dough with a gun. Punctures up to 1/4″ diameter may be sealed by installation of a rubber plug with cement, after tire has been removed from wheel. Sealing dough with gun, and rubber plugs with cement are contained in tire repair kits available through tire dealers. These materials should be used as directed in the instructions supplied with the kits. If a puncture is larger than 1/4″ or there is other damage to the tire carcass, repairs should be made by authorized tire dealers in accordance with instructions of the tire manufacturer.

1959 Buick Wheel Leaks

  1. Examine rim flanges for sharp dents. Any dent visible to the eye should be straightened. The 1959 Buick rim flanges should be thoroughly cleaned with No. 3 coarse steel wool thereby removing all oxidized rubber, soap solution, etc. If the
  2. Wipe old grease out of hub and from steering knuckle spindle. Clean and inspect all bearing parts as described under Bearing Service (par. 1-9), and replace any that are faulty.
  3. If a bearing cup has to be replaced, drive the old cup out with a punch. Use care when installing the new cup to start it squarely into hub, to avoid distortion and possible cracking.
  4. When inspecting or replacing bearing cones (inner races) make sure that cones are free to creep on spindle of steering knuckle. The cones are designed to creep on the spindle in order to afford a constantly changing load contact between the cones and the ball bearings. Polishing the spindle and applying bearing lubricant will permit creeping and prevent rust forming between cone and spindle.
  5. Wash and thoroughly dry all bearing parts, because wheel bearing lubricant will not adhere to oily surfaces.
  6. Thoroughly pack both ball bearing assemblies with new wheel bearing lubricant, preferably using a bearing packer. If packer is not available, work lubricant into bearings by hand. In either case, remove any surplus lubricant.
  7. Apply a light coating of lubricant to spindle and inside surface of wheel hub to prevent rusting.
  8. Place inner bearing assembly in cup and install a new oil seal, driving seal squarely into hub with installer J-6541. Carefully install inner bearing cone in oil seal. NOTE: Never place cone on spindle because seal will be damaged as wheel is installed.
  9. Install 1959 Buick wheel on spindle, then install outer bearing assembly, cone, safety washer and nut. See figure 7-8.
    1959 Buick Front Wheel Hub and Bearings

    1959 Buick Front Wheel Hub and Bearings

  10. Adjust bearings as follows (subpar. b).

Adjustment of 1959 Buick Front Wheel Bearings

  1. Tighten spindle nut to 30 ft. lbs. torque and rotate hub to seat bearings.
  2. Back off spindle nut and re-torque to 12.5 foot pounds.
  3. If either cotter pin hole aligns with a slot in the nut, insert cotter pin. Otherwise back off nut till nearest hole and slot line up and insert cotter pin.
  4. Before installation of grease cap in hub, make sure that end of spindle and inside of cap are free of grease so the radio static collector makes good contact. Make sure that static collector is properly shaped to provide good contact between end of spindle and the grease cap.



Removal and Replacement of 1959 Buick Upper Ball Joint

  1. Raise 1959 Buick with jack under frame. (On jobs equipped with air ride, also close air ride shut off valve and support car at frame in rear and at frame front on side opposite that being worked on.) Remove wheel and tire.
  2. Remove cotter pin from castellated nut on upper ball joint tapered stud.
  3. Loosen, but do not remove nut. Force of 1959 Buick chassis spring will be tending to disengage ball joint tapered stud from steering knuckle. Rap knuckle sharply in area of tapered stud to disengage stud from knuckle.
  4. Support 1959 Buick weight under outer edge of spring seat and remove nut from ball joint tapered stud.
  5. Support car weight on frame and lower spring seat to lower knuckle, hub and drum assembly slightly. Be careful to avoid damage to brake hose.
  6. Raise upper control arm and remove rubber bumper under upper control arm.
  7. Center punch the four 5/16″ rivets as close to the center as possible. Drill a 1/8″ hole through center of rivets.
  8. Drill a 1/8″ hole more than half-way but not all the way through each rivet.
  9. Use a 1/2″ drill or chisel to remove the rivet heads.
  10. Use a 1/4″ punch and hammer to drive rivets out.
  11. Assemble new ball joint to upper control arm with 5/16″ bolts inserted from bottom. (Nuts and lockwashers on top) Torque nuts to 15-20 ft. pounds.
  12. Reinstall rubber bumper.
  13. Turn tapered stud so cotter pin hole is fore and aft and assemble rubber dust shield over stud. Move knuckle up by jacking under outer edge of spring seat.
  14. Wipe tapered hole in knuckle and tapered stud clean and assemble stud to knuckle with castellated nut. Torque to 30-40 ft. pounds and install cotter pin. (On jobs equipped with air ride, open air ride shut off valve.)
  15. Reinstall wheel and tire and remove frame support.

Removal and Replacement of 1959 Buick Lower Ball Joint

  1. Raise car, remove wheel and tire. (On jobs equipped with air ride, also close air ride shut off valve and provide frame support at all four corners of car.)
  2. Disconnect stabilizer link (if so equipped).
  3. Remove 1959 Buick shock absorber (Par. 7-15).
  4. Remove cotter pin and loosen nut on lower ball joint tapered stud.
  5. With car supported by frame, place jack under outer edge of spring seat. Wrap chain around upper control arm and under base of jack, fasten chain securely. See Fig. 7-9. Raise jack to place tension on lower ball joint stud.