SECTION 2-G 1954 BUICK ENGINE MOUNTING ADJUSTMENT, FLYWHEEL REPLACEMENT, ENGINE BALANCING
2-25 1954 BUICK ENGINE MOUNTING ADJUSTMENT
The engine and transmission assembly must rest in a normal position which does not impose any side strain on the three 1954 Buick rubber mounting pads. The following procedure may be used to obtain proper adjustment of the 1954 Buick engine mountings.
- Tighten the 1954 Buick engine front mounting pad stud nuts, under the supports on frame, and tighten the mounting bracket to crankcase bolts. Loosen the upper bracket to mounting pad bolts.
- Disconnect torque tube from torque ball.
- Tighten transmission support to frame bracket attaching bolts.
- Tighten 1954 Buick transmission mounting pad to transmission support and to the transmission rear bearing retainer.
- Tighten thrust pad to thrust plate stud nuts (rear) and loosen thrust pad to transmission support stud nuts (front). Remove shims located between thrust pad and transmission support. See figure 2-41.
- Shake the engine sideways to let the assembly rest freely and normally on all 1954 Buick mounting pads, then install sufficient shims between the thrust pad and the transmission support to snugly fill the existing space.
- Tighten thrust pad front stud nuts and connect torque tube to the torque ball.
- Tighten the front mounting pad to bracket bolts.
2-26 1954 BUICK FLYWHEEL REPLACEMENT
Replace Flywheel and Check Run-out on Dynaflow Engine
- Remove the 1954 Buick Dynaflow transmission then remove the flywheel which is located in a definite position on the crankshaft flange by means of one dowel.
- Inspect flywheel. If ring is damaged replace flywheel because the ring is welded in place and not furnished separately. If flywheel is cracked at crankshaft bolt holes refer to subparagraph c. below.
- Check for burrs around drilled holes in crankshaft flange and face of flywheel to be installed; remove any burrs with a mill file, then install flywheel and tighten bolts evenly to 50-55 ft. lbs. torque.
- Mount Dial Indicator KM0-30-B with Sleeve KM0-30-K and clamp KM0-30-G as shown in figure 2-42, so that stem of indicator bears against the ground surface of flywheel at inner side of the large holes.
- Turn flywheel, making sure that crankshaft and thrust is held in one direction, and note run-out of flywheel face. Run-out should not exceed .008″.
- If run-out exceeds .008″ attempt to correct by tapping high side of flywheel with mallet. If this does not correct run-out remove flywheel and check for burrs between flywheel and face of crankshaft flange. Remove burrs and recheck for run-out.
- If no burrs exist install a new flywheel and recheck run-out. If run-out still exceeds .008″ check run-out of rear face of crankshaft flange.
- After installation of transmission, test for engine vibration. If vibration has been introduced by installation of new flywheel make correction as described in paragraph 2-27.
Causes of Cracked 1954 Buick Dynaflow Flywheel
Cracks around the outer edge of crankshaft bolt holes in flywheel indicate either a faulty flywheel or misalignment of the converter pump hub or the bell housing.
Check alignment of the converter pump hub and the bell housing as described in paragraph 5-16, and correct the alignment if necessary. If run-out of these parts is within the specified limits install a new flywheel.
When a cracked flywheel is discovered, a close inspection should be made of the converter pump hub, front oil pump bushing, and front oil pump seal to determine whether these parts have been damaged.
Replace 1954 Buick Flywheel or Ring on Synchromesh Engine
- Remove transmission and clutch assembly, being sure to mark clutch cover and flywheel so that the assembly can be reinstalled in its original position.
- Remove flywheel, which is located in a definite position on the crankshaft flange by means of one dowel.
- If the flywheel ring is to be replaced, drill a 5/16″ hole in the ring between two teeth and split the ring at this point with a cold chisel. Heat and shrink the new ring in place as follows:
- Polish several spots on the ring with emery cloth.
- Use a hot plate or a slowly moving torch to uniformly heat the ring until the polished spots turn blue (approximately 600° F.). CAUTION: Heating the ring in excess of 800 deg. F. will destroy the heat treatment given during manufacture.
- Quickly place ring in position against shoulder on flywheel, with bevelled end of teeth away from shoulder, then allow ring to cool slowly until it is tight in place.
- Make certain that the flywheel and the crankshaft flange are clean and free of burrs that would cause run-out, then install flywheel.
- After installation of clutch and transmission test engine for vibration. If engine has vibration that did not exist before installation of new parts, make correction as described in paragraph 2-27.
2-27 CORRECTION OF UNBALANCED 1954 BUICK ENGINE
Individual crankshafts, flywheels, and other rotating parts are dynamically balanced to very close limits in production. Completely assembled 1954 Buick engines are also given a running test and balanced to very close limits by drilling the flywheel or by adjusting converter balance weights as required. For this reason, a converter pump should always be marked so that it can be reinstalled in its original position on the flywheel.
Some cases of excessive vibration may result from replacement of rotating parts. An extremely unbalanced condition should always be corrected by replacing parts which are abnormally out of balance or materially different in weight from corresponding parts. The following procedures are intended only for correction of minor cases of unbalance which may occur when individually balanced parts are replaced.
Critical Speed of Vibration
Determine the engine speed at which the vibration is most pronounced, so that test at this critical speed may be made after corrective work is done.
- Place car solidly on stands high enough to permit working underneath.
- Connect a tachometer to engine. Start engine and with transmission control lever in parking position increase speed gradually until a point is reached where the objectionable vibration is definite. Note engine RPM at this critical speed, then stop engine.
Correction of Unbalanced Dynaflow Engine
- Remove bell housing cover and bell housing hand hole cover.
- Install one balance weight No. 1341319 (.060″ thick) under the head of one primary pump cover bolt and tighten bolt to 25-30 ft. lbs. torque.
NOTE: Do not place a weight at a flywheel to converter driving bolt because these bolts are not long enough for addition of weights.
- Run engine at critical speed and carefully compare vibration with that obtained without the weight, then stop engine.
- Mark location of balance weight on converter pump, remove weight and tighten bolt to 25-30 ft. lbs. torque.
- Install the balance weight at other converter pump cover bolts and compare the vibration produced at critical speed.
- At the point where the balance weight produced the greatest improvement in vibration install weights of proper thickness to eliminate objectionable vibration. Balance weights are available under Group 4.115 in three different thicknesses.
- After balance weights are installed and all bolts tightened to proper torque, use a 5/32″ drill to spot the center of both holes in weights and drill flange of pump with a No. 32 (.116) drill, making hole only 3/8″ deep in flange. Select drive screws, Group 8.978, No. 145067 (3/8″ long) or No. 450543 1/2″ long) depending on thickness of weights and tap screws into holes to permanently attach weights to converter pump. See figure 2-43.
- Install bell housing cover and hand hole cover. Remove tachometer and car stands.
Correction of Unbalanced Synchromesh Engine
If the vibration developed after removal and installation of clutch assembly, check all clutch cover bolts to make sure they are of same length and that each has one lock washer. Also check marks that were made when clutch was removed and disassembled to make sure that clutch was assembled and installed according to these marks. Make any corrections indicated by this inspection and run engine at the critical speed to check results.
If clutch assembly and installation does not appear to be at fault, mark clutch cover and flywheel and remove clutch assembly. Run engine at critical speed and check for vibration. If vibration is eliminated, the clutch is at fault and should be balanced as described below. If vibration still exists, however, it will be necessary to balance the flywheel on the crankshaft.
To balance the flywheel, insert one clutch cover bolt successively in each hole in flywheel and check results at each position by running the engine. It may be necessary to vary the test weight by adding washers or by using a shorter bolt. When a proper weight and position has been found to eliminate the vibration, the bolt will be on the light side of flywheel. Remove the bolt and drill shallow holes in diametrically opposite side of flywheel, until enough weight has been removed to make engine run smooth. Use a 3/8″ drill and do not drill any hole more than 1/4″deep.
After making sure that engine runs smooth with clutch removed, install clutch assembly according to marks made before removal and again check for vibration at the critical speed.
If vibration exists with clutch installed, install one plain washer under the lock washer of each clutch cover bolt in turn until a location is found where the engine runs smooth. It may be necessary to place plain washers on two adjacent bolts in order to obtain enough weight at the proper location to